This comprehensive guide to the planning and design of airport terminals and their facilities covers all types of airport terminal found around the world and. and download this title. DownloadPDF MB Read online. Airport Planning and. Terminal Design presented by. Eileen Poh. Assistant Director (ICAO Affairs). Strategic Airport Management Programme. Outside the terminal, our runway and taxiway work has laid the foundation for retail program is an important part of any modern commercial airport terminal.
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of airport planners to impose a single design concept on the entire terminal area. Cen· The airport terminal is the facility that provides the connection between. PDF | Flexibility is a key driver of any successful design, especially in highly In ' The Modern Airport Terminal', Edwards  covers the basic. The Modern Airport Terminal: New Approaches to Airport Architecture, PDF eBook This comprehensive guide to the planning and design of airport terminals.
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The Modern Airport Terminal: Please note: Description This comprehensive guide to the planning and design of airport terminals and their facilities covers all types of airport terminal found around the world and highlights the environmental and technical issues that the designer has to address.
Information Format: PDF Pages: Taylor and Francis Publication Date: Architecture ISBN: Add to Basket Sign in to add to wishlist. Appropriate recognition of separate layers within a typical terminal should allow the terminal to be renewed if and when required, at different rates. It also allows the designer to anticipate changes even without knowing every detail of the exact configuration. Edwards  divided terminal buildings into two basic layers i.
Infrastructure Retail area Building structure Interior space Technological Management Skin change Finishes change Services Furniture Figure 6: Airport terminal layers in a conceptual sense  The concept of shearing layers is utilised in the current paper to restructure and reorganize the terminal spaces from a time-layered perspective. The pace of change in an airport terminal throughout its lifecycle have been categorised under operational, strategic and tactical flexibilities.
Operational flexibility refers to the ability to adapt recurrent and quick changes in airport terminal on a daily or weekly basis such as furniture or other fittings to deal with short term volatility, for instance day-to-day operational changes occur in ticket counters, check-in desks, signs etc. Tactical flexibility is somewhat slower and requires significant commitment in capital, whilst strategic flexibilities effect on substantial increase of the life-time of an infrastructure.
Tactical flexibility deals with the spatial plan and services and strategic flexibility effects changes in building structure and building envelope. Changes in building technology tend to dictate alteration in outer layers service, skin and structure and management policy dictates the changes in inner layers stuff and space plan. Less visible or slower changes made to the building services, skin and structure reflect technological changes.
Each layer has a distinct timescale; operational changes that occur in more frequent and regular basis, are mainly concerned with the interior stuff. The tactical changes affect the spatial organisation of an airport interior as well as the relevant services and hence tactical changes overlap both management and technological changes.
A conceptual framework is presented in Figure 8 which combines the knowledge of design principles adopted for residential and non-residential buildings with the design principles recognized for airport terminals.
The design elements identified in the proposed framework is a preliminary step towards developing a flexible design strategy for airport terminals. The framework utilises the knowledge of flexible design elements and design principles that are specific to airport terminal design, in a holistic manner. Functional effectiveness and flexibility in planning and design of airport passenger buildings are discussed with respect to physical structure and spatial layout.
The relevant design elements are identified based on appropriate timescales i. Short term daily and weekly changes are categorised as operational, medium term tactical changes run for 2 to 5 years, whilst the long term strategic flexibility issues could take up to 50 years to address. Operational and tactical i.
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The functional requirement of an airport terminal is highly dynamic in nature and these flexibilities will allow a terminal to adapt to these ever changing scenarios. Long term strategic changes take time and normally involve structural modifications. Adoption of a modular form is considered as a simple yet useful solution to add flexibility from the strategic perspective as it allows expansion or modification based on future demand.
The design framework presented in Figure 8 adopts the four step process for developing flexibility in terminal design as suggested by de Neufville . Step 1 is to recognize the uncertainties of airport terminal design in terms of spatial layout and physical structure as discussed in the previous paragraph.
Figure 8 shows the flexible design elements identified in terms of short, medium and long term basis for an airport terminal. Step 2 identifies the specific design elements that would enhance to flexibility of various airport facilities. Step 3 is the evaluation phase which includes an evaluation of alternative design solutions by analysing the design elements identified in Step 1. At the evaluation stage, the selected design elements are coupled with the measuring factors construction cost, operating cost and maintenance cost, time etc and design constraints such as site to obtain an optimum solution.
The final and 4th step is the implementation phase, in which strategic issues are identified and implemented. The design elements identified in the proposed framework are based on some preliminary findings. The amount of data to be collected, reviewed and analysed to identify appropriate design elements as well as the outcomes of the process will vary depending on the planning process, the size and structure of the airport organization and the number of stakeholders involved in the process.
The presented framework is an initial step towards achieving a complete flexible design strategy for airport terminal design. The detailed considerations required to complete the aforementioned four phases will be developed in future research.
Add Measuring Constraints factors Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Recognise major Identify specific Evaluate Plan uncertainty of area to deal with alternative design implementation t erm inal design Shared used facilities Ticket counters 1.
Shared lounge Check-in desks No design elements identified 2.
Conclusion and future works Available information about flexible infrastructure has been presented and analysed in the current paper with a view to extend the flexibility concept in airport terminal design to cope with the ever changing needs. Appropriate application of the flexible design principles identified in this paper will assist designers to incorporate frequent changes occurring both in technology and management.
The proposed flexible design framework is in a preliminary stage which requires more detail understanding of design elements, the study is expected to facilitate various stakeholders to expand and to contract their activities easily and effectively as required. Practical application of the proposed framework and design principles is necessary to improve the concept. Hence, developments of appropriate design tools are required to assist architects in understanding and adopting the proposed framework.
Further research is currently underway and it is expected that explicit methods for assessing flexibility will emerge to provide further assistance to designers and airport owners in planning new facilities as well as to assist in modifying existing amenities.
In future generic spatial models of the airport terminal will be developed to evaluate flexible design parameters qualitatively and quantitatively.
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The results are expected to be used as a reference model for further design development of the airport terminals. References 1. Transportation planning and Technology. Journal of Transport Engineering. Edwards, B. Second ed. London and and New York: Spon Press. Chambers, R.
Schneider, T. Till, , Flexible Housing. Oxford, UK: Architectural Press. Till, J. Schneider, , Flexible housing: the means to the end. Groak, S. Duffy, F. Henney, , The Changing City.Volume 1 of ACRP Report 25 explores the passenger terminal planning process and provides, in a single reference document, the important criteria and requirements needed to help address emerging trends and develop potential solutions for airport passenger terminals.
If a terminal does not have the ability to adapt to these changes, it will become unsatisfactory and in the worst case scenario it could become obsolescent. Add Measuring Constraints factors Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Recognise major Identify specific Evaluate Plan uncertainty of area to deal with alternative design implementation t erm inal design Shared used facilities Ticket counters 1.
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When peak international and domestic traffic do not coincide, boarding and waiting areas can serve the international and the domestic passengers at appropriately allocated parts of a day. Figure 8 shows the flexible design elements identified in terms of short, medium and long term basis for an airport terminal. Not a MyNAP member yet?
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