This book is for students preparing for the Reading Test in the Academic Module of IELTS Reading Tests by Sam McCarter & Judith Ash (Ebook) 15 Days' Practice for IELTS Reading (PDF) · Improve Your IELTS Listening. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. [chancromaslodis.ga]Sam+McCarter+Ash+ +IELTS+Reading+Tests+(PDF) - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online. book.
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IETLS Reading Tests - Sam McCarter & chancromaslodis.ga - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online. Documents Similar To New Ielts Reading Tests. Ielts Academic. , p. IELTS Reading Tests is for students preparing for the Reading Test in the Academic Module of the IELTS. It contains ten practice Reading Tests. McCarter Sam, Ash Judith. IELTS reading tests and Academic writing practice for IELTS. Файл формата pdf; размером 18,10 МБ. Добавлен пользователем.
How habits restrict us and limit creativity4. How to train the mind to be creative5. How the mind is trapped by the desire for orderThe creation mythA. In our everyday. Iives, we have to perform many acts out. I become mentally unhinged.
So strongly ingrained are our habits. So, for many people, their actions and behaviour are set in immovable blocks, their minds r clogged with the cholesterol of habitual actio ns, preventing them from operating freely, and thereby stifling creation.
Unfortunately, mankinds very struggle for survival has become a tyranny - the obsessive desire to give order to the world is a case in point.
Witness peoples attitude to I time. Is it surprising then that creative ability appears to be so rare? It is. Yet, even here in this hostile environment, the foundations for c.
Such limitations are needed so that once they are learnt, they can be broken.
But a better image is of a mind, which can be free when it wants, and one that recognises that rules and regulations are parameters, or barriers, to be raised and dropped again at will. An example of how the human mind can be trained to be creative might help here. Peoples minds are j ust like tense muscles that need to be freed up and the potential unlocked.
One strategy is to erect artificial barriers or hurdles in solving a problem. As a form of stimulation, the participants in the task can be forbidden to use particular solutions or to follow certain lines of thought to solve a problem. In this way they are obliged to explore unfamiliar territory, which may lead to some startling discoveries. Unfortunately, the difficulty in this exercise, and with creation itself, is convincing people that creation is possible, shrouded as it is in so much myth ano legend.
There is also an element of fear involved, however subliminal, as deviating from the safety of ones own thought patterns is very much akin to madness. But, open Pandoras box, and a whole new world unfolds before your very eyes. Lifting barriers into place also plays a major part in helping the mind to control ideas rather than letting them collide at random. Parameters act as containers for ideas, and thus help the mind io fix on them.
When the mind is thinking laterally. Once the idea has been formed, it needs to be contained or it will fly away, so fteeting is its passage. The mind needs to hold it in place for a time so that it can recognise it or call on it again.
And then the parameters can act as channels along which the ideas can flow, developing and expanding.
When the mind has brought the idea to fruition by thinking it through to its final conclusion, the parameters can be brought down and the idea allowed to float off and come in contact with other ideas. Questions 6- 10 Choose the appropriate letters A-D and write them in Boxes 6- 0 on yo ur answer sheet.
According to the writer, creative people Advancing technology A are usually born with their talents A holds creativity in check Bare bom with their talents B improves creativity C are not born with their talents C enhances creativity o are geniuses D is a tyranny 7.
According to the writer, creativity is According to the author, creativity A a gifl from God or nature A is common B an automatic response B is increasingly common C difficult for many people to achieve C is becoming rarer and rarer D a well-trodden path D is a rare commodity 8. Yes if the statement agrees with. Rules and regulations are examples of parameters. The truly creative mind is associated with the need for free speech and a totally free society.
One problem with creativity is that people think it is impossible. The act of creation is linked to madness. Parameters help the mind by holding ideas and helping them to develop. Yet, how can groups work in teams connotations.
Most of us would say that we crave if the possibilities for communication are reduced? If voice-mail walls up messages of that huge industry which has developed to protect behind a password? If I cant leave a message on individuals and property fro m invasion by my colleagues desk Oecause his office is locked?
Some employees have hospitals now do not. Entry areas which in another permanent con tracts, some h ave short-term age were called "Reception" are now manned by contracts, and some are regarded simply as casual security staff. Reception ists, whose task it was to labour. These tone dialling system, we can download things and pay for devices bar ent ry to th e uninitiated, hinder them without ever speaking to a human being.
Within the spaces created by these Internet, which opens out communication channels zones, individual rooms are themselves under lock more widely than anyone could possibly want or and key, which is a particuiarprobtem when it means need. An individuals electronic presence on the that working space becomes compartmentalized. An people at a physical level, we have now developed elaborate system of 3-dimensional graphics technological access. Computers sit on every desk distinguishes this very 2-dimensional medium of and are linked to one another, and in many cases to "web sites".
The nomenclature itself creates the an external un iverse of other computers, so that illusion of a geographical entity, that the person messages can be passed to and fro.
Here too security sitting before the computer is travelling, when in plays a part, since we must not be allowed access to fact the "site" is coming to him. And so the password one kind or another move to the individual, rather was invented.
Now co rrespondence betwee n than the individual moving between them, now that individuals goes from desk to desk and cannot be location is no longer geographical. Library catalogues can be An example o f this is the mobile phone.
I am now searched from ones desk. Yet, even now, we cannot button. It is no coincidence that almost individual s more and more, organ izations are everyone we see answering or initiating a mobile recognizing the advantages of"tearn-work"; perhaps phone-call in public begins by saying where he or in order to encourage employees to talk to one she is.
IELTS Reading Tests by Sam McCarter, Judith Ash (Paperback, 2001)
IChoose the appropriate lellers A-D and write them in Boxes on your answer sheet. A the safety of the home B security C open access D positive yirtue Access to m nny buildings A is unauthorised B is becoming more difficult C is a cause of crime in many urban areas D used to be called Reception Buildings used to permit access to any users,.
A but now they do not B and still do now C especially offices and schools D especially in urban areas Secure zones A dont allow access to the user B compartmenca!
Choose your answers from the Word List below andwrite them in Boxes on your answer sheet. You may use any word or phrasemore Ihan once. Word List jusl lhe same way as computer cut-off n reducing of computers 7: Write your answers in Boxes 28 - 30 on your answer sheet. Judith Ash National Cuisine and Tourism To an exten t, agriculture dictates that every country should have a set of specific foods which are native to I that country. They may even be unique. Th e degree to which cuisine Lli embedded in lIational culture Within the sociology of food litemture two themes suggest that food is linked to social culture.
The first relates food. However, establishing a role for food in personal relationships and social structures is not a sufficient argument to place food at the centre of national culture. To do thai it is necessary to prove a degree of embcddedness. A cu ltural practice, however, contains and represen ts meta- contingencies that is, behavioural practices that have D social meaning greater than the activity itself and which, by their nature reinforce the culture which houses them.
Contrast this with the practice in is Britain of celebrating Guy Fawkes Night". It essentially an excuse for a good time but jf fi reworks were bnnned, the occasion would gradunUy die away altogether or end up as cult to California.
A smaller scale exumple might be more useful. Both are common practices, yet the former reflects something of the social fabric of the country, particularly fam il y, gender, ci3SS and age relationships whilst the hItler is just a national habit. In other words, a constant, well populated pattern of behaviour is not necessarily cultural.
However, it is also clear that a cultu ral practice needs behav ioural reinforcement. Social cu lture is not immortal. This view of culture and food places the home as the cultural centre. COLHinental Eu ropean eating habits m. Following the principle that culture needs behavioural reinforce ment, if everyone cats ont on a regular basis, irrespecti ve of soc ial and economic.
That aside, the significance of a behavioural practice being embedded in culture is that it naturally maint. The thrust of the argument is that countries differ in the degree to which their food and eating habits have a socinl and cultural meaning beyond the behaviour itself.
This is a difficuJ. The fast-food culture of America raises the issue of whether there are qualitative criteria for the concept of cuisine. The key issue is not the extent of the comlllon behavi. French cuisine and going down the pub are strange bedfellows but bedfellows nevertheless.
Like language, cuisine is not u static entity and whilst its fundamental character is unlike1y to change in the short run it may evolve in different directions. Jus l as in a language there are dialects so in a cuisine there are variations.
The two principal sources of divers ity are the physical geography of the country and its sOCial diversity. The geographical dimensions work through agrkulture to particliJarise and to limit locally produced ingredients. Ethnic diversity in the popu lation works through the role of cuisine in social identity to create ethnically distinct cu isines wh ich may not converge into a national euis. This raises the question of how far a national cuisine is related to national borders.
To an ethnic group their c ui sine is national. The greater the division of a society into classes, castes and status groups with their attendant e thnocentric properties, of which cuisine is a part, then the greater will be the diversity of the cuisines. However, there is a case for convergence. Both these principii sources of diversity are, ro an extent, influenced by the sirength of their boundaries and the willingness of society to erode them.
It is a question of isolation and integration. Efficient transpOlt and the application of chemistry can alter agricultural boundaries to make a wider range of foods available to a cuisine.
Similarly, political and social integration can erode ethnic boundaries However, all these arguments mean nothing if the cuisine is not embedded in social culture. Riley argues that when a cuisine is not embedded in social culture it is susceptible to novelty and invasion by other cuisines. Write the appropriate letters A-K in Boxes 31 - 36 on your answer sheet. The information in the completed sentences should be an accurate summary of the points made by the writer.
There are more phrases A-K than sentences, so you will not need to use them aJt. You may use each phrase oncel only. Key points The ethnocentric propenies of food Celebrating birthdays Cultural practice Drinking in pubs in Britain.. The link between language and cuisine Write the appropriate eUers A-D in Boxes 37 - 40 on your answer sheet.
There is a difference between behaviour and cullural practice. The connection between social culture and food must be strong if national cuisine is to survive intact Distribution of power in soc. The link between culture and eating outside the home is not Strong. I8ge 1 below. The chances are that you have already drunk a cup or glass of tea today.
Perhaps, you are sipping one as you read this. Tea , now an everyday beverage in many parts of the world, has over the centuries been an important part of rituals of hospitality both in the home and in wider society. Tea originated in China, and in Eastern Asia tea making and drinking ceremonies have been popular for centuries. Tea was first shipped to North Western Europe by English and Dutch maritime traders in the sixteenth century. At about the same time, a land route from the Far East, via Moscow, to Europe was opened up.
Ielts reading tests - McCater
As, over the last fou r hundred years, tea-leaves became available throughout much of Asia and Europe, the ways in which tea was drunk changed. The Chinese considered the quality of I the leaves and the ways in which they were cured all important. People in other cultu res added new ingredients besides lea-leaves and hot water.
They drank tea with milk, sugar, spices like cinnamon and cardamom, and herbs such as mint or sage. The variations are endless. For example. In England tea, unlike coffee, acquired a reputation as a therapeutic drink that promoted health. Indeed, in European and Arab countries as well as in Persia and Russia. While Eu ropean coffee houses were frequented by men discussing politics and closing business deals, respectable middle-class women stayed at home and held tea parties.
When the price of tea fell in the nineteenth century poor people took up the drink with enthusiasm. Different grades and blends of tea were sold to suit every pocket.
Throughout the world today. In Islamic cultu res. However, Seventh-Day Adventists, recognising the beverage as a drug containing the stimulant caffeine, frown upon the drinking of tea. According to Middle Eastern tradition , guests are served both tea and coffee from pots kept ready on the fires of guest tents where men of the family and male visitors gather, Cups of bitter cardamom coffee and glasses of sugared tea should be constantly refilled by the host. Grammar Vocabulary Topic based Country 9.
Other Cambridge University Press, The Student's Book with answers provides students with an excellent opportunity to familiarise themselves with IELTS and to practise examination techniques using authentic test material prepared by Thebook containstenpracticeReading TestsandaKey. Each Test containsthree reading passages,which cover a variety of topicsand give lots of practice for the range of question types used in the LELTSexam.
Allthe articles inmis publication except fortwo were specially commissioned. Sothatyoumayrepeatthe ex. The test contains three reading passages, which may include pictures. The reading passages are ofdifferentlength,rangingfromapproximately to1. The totalfor thethree passages isbetween J , and2,words.
Eachreadingpassage hasseveraldifferent types of questions,whichmay beprinted either before orafter the passage. Often thetexts and the questions become more difficult as youread from Passage1 to 3.
The word limit. In aheadingmatchingexercise,youmaybeabletouse headings more than once. So be careful! It is very important to attempt to finish the test. You will not have time to read and enjoy the passages: Thisis understandable. While you are not answering a difficult question you could be answering two or three,or evenmore,easier ones. Thenyou can come back to those you have left blank afterwards. IITopics Thereading passage topicsvary, but areallof an-academi c nature.
Candidates sometimes panicwhentheyarefaced with a reading passage on a subject about which they know nothing at all. It is important to remember that the answers toallof thequestions8reinthetextitself. Youdonotneedanyknowledgeof thetopictobeabletoanswerthe questions. The test is designed totest your reading comprehension skills, not your knowledge of any particular subject.
Youwill not have extra time to transfer your answers fromthe questionpaper to your answer sheet. Candidates often think that,because they have time to transfer their answers in the listening section. It does not. Matching the twoparts of split sentences InIhistypeof exercise,youareaskedtomatchthetwopartsof splitsentences.
Themainpointhereisthatthe completed sentence summarises theinformation in the reading passage. The sentence willmost likely be a paraphrase of the text, so youwillhave to lookfor synonyms of the statement inthe exercise.
Make sure the grammar of the two parts fits. IELTSReli dingTests The completion of sentences, summaries, diagrams, tables, flowcharts, notes In this type of exercise, you are asked to complete sentences or text by using a li mited number of words taken froin the passage. Finding the answers is simplyamatter of scanning atextforspecificinformation. Thistype of questionis normally usedto see if youcan recognise particular poims of information.
Note the text inthe exercise, asinthe other question types. So you should not always be looking in the passage for the same words in the stem of the sentence, but the idea expressed inanother way.
You should always check whatthe word limit is: Remember also to make sure the wordsyou choose fitthe grammar of the sentences. Short answers to open qnestions This type of exercise is very similar to the previous one. This is simply a matter of scanning the text for specific detail.
Again always check the word limit. Among the four alternatives ABeD, you will obviously have an alternative which is the correct answer. The other three alternat ives can controdict the information inthe passage either by staling the opposite or by giving information which althoughnot the opposite.
For example, the reading passage may S8.By then it istoo late to go back and change our minds. Yet, how can groups work in teams connotations. Secure zones Creative genius is, in fact, latent within many of us, without our realising. Essentially a tye was: This may help you to exclude a heading wnich relates to minor information.